Docker build with private NuGet feed in Azure Artifacts

While trying to containerise a .NET Framework app I hit a problem while restoring packages from NuGet as they were from a private NuGet feed. The container didn't know my credentials, so the feed was rightly responding with "401 (Unauthorized)".

Step 8/17 : RUN dotnet restore "Consumer/Consumer.csproj"
 ---> Running in f5dcc2dd51c3
  Determining projects to restore...
/usr/share/dotnet/sdk/3.1.301/NuGet.targets(128,5): warning : The plugin credential provider could not acquire credentials. Authentication may require manual action. Consider re-running the command with --interactive for `dotnet`, /p:NuGetInteractive="true" for MSBuild or removing the -NonInteractive switch for `NuGet` [/src/Consumer/Consumer.csproj]
/usr/share/dotnet/sdk/3.1.301/NuGet.targets(128,5): error : Unable to load the service index for source [/src/Consumer/Consumer.csproj]
/usr/share/dotnet/sdk/3.1.301/NuGet.targets(128,5): error :   Response status code does not indicate success: 401 (Unauthorized). [/src/Consumer/Consumer.csproj]
Removing intermediate container f5dcc2dd51c3
The command '/bin/sh -c dotnet restore "Consumer/Consumer.csproj"' returned a non-zero code: 1

How to securely specify credentials?

If this was a personal project I would put my credentials in the Dockerfile or in the packageSourceCredentials section of a Nuget.config file and got on with my day.

However, I needed a solution that was scalable for more than 1 developer. That wasn't a pain to use but also secure. I didn't want:

  1. Each team member updating the Dockerfile with their own credentials
  2. Anyone accidentally checking in their password to git


Azure Artifacts Credential Provider provides an elegant solution which uses Docker arguments and Azure Personal Access Tokens.

If you're using Linux containers the Sample Dockerfile works fine. Unfortunately I was targetting .NET Framework and using Windows containers. They have no idea what bash is:

Step 3/15 : RUN wget -qO- | bash
 ---> Running in 71a0b7a249d7
bash : The term 'bash' is not recognized as the name of a cmdlet, function,
script file, or operable program.

Azure Artifacts Credential Provider with Windows Containers

Thankfully there's a PowerShell script as well, so I stole the PowerShell one liner from and replaced:

# Get and install the Artifact Credential provider
RUN wget -O -  | bash


# Get and install the Artifact Credential provider
RUN Set-ExecutionPolicy Bypass -Scope Process -Force; [System.Net.ServicePointManager]::SecurityProtocol = [System.Net.ServicePointManager]::SecurityProtocol -bor 3072; iex ((New-Object System.Net.WebClient).DownloadString(''))


By using Azure Artifacts Credential Provider I'm able to create a container for my .NET Framework app without running the risk of leaking anyone's credentials because any developer specific data can be passed in via the command line.

The remote name could not be resolved: ''

Update: On one of my machines I got an extra error:

Step 6/18 : RUN Set-ExecutionPolicy Bypass -Scope Process -Force; [System.Net.ServicePointManager]::SecurityProtocol = [System.Net.ServicePointManager]::SecurityProtocol -bor 3072; iex ((New-Object System.Net.WebClient).DownloadString(''))
 ---> Running in b23e524f5cbf
Exception calling "DownloadString" with "1" argument(s): "The remote name
could not be resolved: ''"
At line:1 char:241
+ ...  -bor 3072; iex ((New-Object System.Net.WebClient).DownloadString('ht ...
+                 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    + CategoryInfo          : NotSpecified: (:) [], ParentContainsErrorRecordE
    + FullyQualifiedErrorId : WebException

Which is solved by adding --network "Default Switch" to the docker build command.